The present-day world, is composed of four different parts, in terms of civilisation. That of western civilisation - out own part. A second part is inhabited by people of a different civilisation but organised in coherent and stable societies and destined by their history and present character to govern themselves - the Chinese and the Japanese people, for example. In the third part live people advanced enough in some respects, but ones which have either stagnated or have not been able to constitute themselves as unified, peaceful, progressive nations following regular development…India…before the British conquest, Java and the Indochinese peninsula present particularly this third type. Finally, a great part of the world is inhabited by barbarian tribes or savages, some given over to wars without end and to brutal customs, and others knowing so little of the arts and being so little accustomed to work and invention that they do not know how to exploit their land and its natural riches. They live in little groups, impoverished and scattered, in enormous territories which could nourish vast numbers of people with ease. This state of the world implies for the civilised people a right of intervention…in the affairs of the last two categories.
Leroy-Beaulieu, P. 1882. De la colonisation chez les peuples modernes, p. 165. Paris. Cited by, Roberts, J.M. 1985. The Triumph Of The West, p. 311. London: British Broadcasting Corporation.